11 Gymnastics Disciplines Explained For Beginners


11 Gymnastics Disciplines Explained For Beginners

Gymnastics, a captivating sport that combines strength, flexibility, and grace, encompasses various disciplines that showcase the incredible capabilities of athletes. From dazzling floor routines to gripping bar exercises, each discipline has its own unique challenges and skills.

Here, we will delve into the world of gymnastics and explore 11 different disciplines that will leave you in awe.

As we journey through the enthralling realm of gymnastics, we first encounter artistic gymnastics. This discipline is all about finesse and boldness as gymnasts perform awe-inspiring routines on the floor, vault, uneven bars, and balance beam. The mastery of complex acrobatic tricks and elegant dance elements intertwine to create mesmerizing performances that captivate audiences worldwide.

Next on our gymnastics expedition is rhythmic gymnastics, an artful display of flexibility and coordination. Taking center stage with grace and precision, rhythmic gymnasts manipulate apparatuses including ropes, hoops, balls, clubs, or ribbons. Their captivating routines incorporate breathtaking leaps, spins, tosses, and catches infused with creativity and artistic expression.

Meanwhile, trampoline gymnastics launches athletes into a thrilling aerial domain. With robust springs propelling them skyward, these daredevils execute breathtaking flips and gravity-defying twists before landing gracefully on the bouncy surface below. This discipline showcases not only extraordinary athleticism but also a keen sense of timing to ensure flawless execution.

Parallel to trampoline gymnastics is double mini-trampoline. As the name suggests, it involves two transitions between trampolines in quick succession. Athletes unleash their energy with explosive power as they perform intricate tumbling passes during this exhilarating discipline. Combining speed with precision takes center stage in this heart-pounding event.

Moving forward on our journey through the extraordinary world of gymnastics brings us to aerobic gymnastics – a dynamic blend of strength training and choreography set to music. In this discipline, performers engage in high-energy routines that combine expressive movements with complex acrobatic elements. Adorned in vibrant costumes, aerobic gymnasts captivate the audience with their fitness and artistry.

Let’s now explore the realm of acrobatic gymnastics, where power, trust, and seamless harmony between partners are showcased. This discipline combines strength and grace as athletes perform gravity-defying lifts, balances, tumbling skills, and synchronized dance movements. The intimate partnership between teammates underscores the magic of acrobatic gymnastics.

Next up is artistic trampoline, a gravity-defying spectacle that infuses elements from floor exercise and trampoline gymnastics. Athletes display jaw-dropping skills as they execute flips, twists, and turns on a special performance surface with springs. Their creativity shines through as they seamlessly blend powerful acrobatics with graceful landings.

Tumbling enters the scene with explosive energy as athletes showcase their prowess in executing fast-paced series of acrobatic skills. Precision combined with speed takes precedence in this discipline as competitors tumble down a strip mat, executing breathtaking somersaults and aerial maneuvers that defy the limits of human capability.

Our journey through gymnastics disciplines now presents us with parkour – an urban sport that combines athletic ability with innovative movement techniques to navigate through obstacles efficiently. Practitioners leap over walls, vault across railings, and conquer challenging environments using fluidity and agility in every movement.

Awe-inspiring strength and control take center stage in handball gymnastics. Performers demonstrate exceptional upper body strength as they execute impressive maneuvers on a vertical pole or rings. Whether gripping the pole or hanging from rings suspended in mid-air, handball gymnasts astound spectators with their remarkable displays of skill.

Rounding out our exploration of gymnastic disciplines is group rhythmic gymnastics; a captivating fusion of artistic expression and synchronicity among multiple performers using various apparatuses like ropes, hoops, balls, clubs, or ribbons. The harmonious coordination and seamless transitions between performers create a visual spectacle that leaves audiences in awe.

As we conclude our exhilarating journey through the world of gymnastics, we have glimpsed into the astonishing variety of disciplines that combine strength, flexibility, artistry, and athleticism. Encompassing everything from graceful floor routines to gravity-defying flips, each discipline showcases the remarkable dedication and skill of gymnasts who inspire us with their awe-inspiring performances.

Prepare to be dazzled by gravity-defying flips and spins, as artistic gymnastics turns athletes into human fireworks!

Artistic Gymnastics

Floor Exercise: Athletes perform a choreographed routine on a springy floor mat, combining powerful tumbling passes with elegant dance movements. It requires immense control and flair to execute gravity-defying flips and twists with precision.

Vault: This event demands explosive power as gymnasts sprint down a runway before propelling themselves off a vaulting table. The aim is to showcase an intricate display of mid-air somersaults and twists while sticking the landing flawlessly.

Uneven Bars: A symphony of fluidity and strength unfolds on the uneven bars. Competitors swing, release, and regrasp between two bars at different heights, often incorporating breathtaking aerial maneuvers that defy gravity. The execution must be seamless to leave judges in awe.

Balance Beam: The balance beam presents an equally challenging yet exhilarating component of Artistic Gymnastics. Routines on this narrow four-inch-wide beam require exceptional poise, grace, and acrobatic skills. Athletes elegantly execute leaps, turns, flips, and intricate combinations without faltering.

In addition to these mesmerizing disciplines, Artistic Gymnastics encompasses numerous other events that encompass rings, parallel bars, pommel horse for men’s events and beam & uneven bars for women’s events to complete the splendor of this sport.

With its blend of artistry and athleticism, Artistic Gymnastics continuously pushes boundaries while captivating audiences around the globe. Its ability to unlock human potential in unimaginable ways never ceases to amaze. Artistic Gymnastics is indeed an exquisite display of dedication from athletes who transform dreams into reality through sheer determination and skill.

Rhythmic Gymnastics: Where twirling and spinning meet high-stakes coordination, turning leotards into wearable wind turbines.

Rhythmic Gymnastics

In addition to showcasing their graceful movements and artistic expression, rhythmic gymnasts must master essential skills such as pivots, leaps, balances, turns, and pirouettes. These elements are seamlessly incorporated into their routines to create visually captivating sequences that highlight their technical abilities. Timing is crucial in rhythmic gymnastics as performers synchronize their intricate body movements with the music’s rhythm and tempo.

Furthermore, rhythmic gymnasts must exhibit exceptional flexibility to execute the demanding acrobatic movements required in this discipline. They demonstrate impressive backbends, splits, contortions, and intricate body waves that further emphasize the beauty of their routines.

To complement their skills and enhance the overall presentation of their performance, rhythmic gymnasts often wear vibrant leotards adorned with dazzling sequins or appliques. These costumes not only capture the audience’s attention but also add an element of visual spectacle to the already graceful performances.

The apparatus used in rhythmic gymnastics adds another layer of complexity to this discipline. From twirling ribbons to tossing balls with precise control and catching hoops mid-air while executing intricate body movements – each apparatus requires unique techniques that demand coordination and mastery.

With its fusion of artistry and athleticism, rhythmic gymnastics offers a truly mesmerizing display for spectators everywhere. The combination of expressive dance-like movements with impressive acrobatic skills and the sheer elegance of gymnasts in motion makes rhythmic gymnastics a standout discipline in the world of gymnastics.

Prepare to have your legs give out before your laughter does, as trampoline gymnastics turns bouncing into an art form that’s impossible to resist—just like those temptation-filled cupcakes waiting for you at home.

Trampoline Gymnastics

Trampoline gymnastics is not just about bouncing up and down on a trampoline; it involves executing complex flips, twists, and somersaults with astonishing precision. As athletes soar high into the air, they demonstrate incredible body control and spatial awareness. The trampoline provides them with immense power to generate height for their breathtaking stunts.

One unique aspect of trampoline gymnastics is synchronized routines. Athletes perform intricate sequences of jumps and flips alongside another competitor or team members on adjacent trampolines. This requires immense coordination and teamwork to achieve perfect synchronization in both time and form.

Athletes in this discipline are judged based on various criteria such as difficulty, execution, height, form, and creativity. These elements combine to create mesmerizing performances that captivate audiences worldwide. Trampoline gymnasts strive to combine power with elegance as they push the boundaries of what is humanly possible on a trampoline.

Audience applause may sound great, but in acrobatic gymnastics, it’s the sound of your partner not dropping you that’s music to your ears.

Acrobatic Gymnastics

The performers of Acrobatic Gymnastics captivate audiences with their extraordinary displays of strength and flexibility. They seamlessly blend elements of dance, gymnastics, and acrobatics into jaw-dropping routines that leave spectators in awe. The athletes must work together as a team to execute precise movements and perfectly timed transitions.

Unlike other gymnastics disciplines, Acrobatic Gymnastics focuses on the seamless combination of partner work and individual skills. This requires trust, cooperation, and synchronization among all members of the team. The base supports the top allowing them to perform breathtaking aerial stunts while the middle performer gracefully connects the two.

In addition to showcasing incredible physical abilities, Acrobatic Gymnastics also emphasizes artistry and creativity. Athletes often incorporate storytelling elements into their routines to enhance the overall performance. This allows them to captivate the audience not just with their impressive athleticism but also with their ability to convey emotion through their movements.

Overall, Acrobatic Gymnastics is a discipline that pushes the boundaries of human strength and artistic expression. It combines power, precision, grace, and creativity in a way that mesmerizes both judges and spectators alike. Whether you’re an aspiring athlete or simply appreciate the beauty of gymnastics, Acrobatic Gymnastics is sure to leave you amazed.

Aerobic gymnastics: where fitness and dance meet, making it the perfect sport for those of us who can’t decide between sweating or twerking.

Aerobic Gymnastics

This discipline requires precise timing and fluid transitions between different moves. It demands exceptional cardiovascular endurance as well as muscular strength. Athletes perform intricate routines that include elements like acrobatics, balance, flexibility, and power. The routines are designed to be visually appealing while challenging the body’s limits.

Unique to aerobic gymnastics are the requirements for creativity and expression. While technical skills are essential, athletes must also convey emotion and artistic interpretation through their movements. This combination of physical prowess and artistic expression sets aerobic gymnastics apart from other forms of gymnastics.

Competitions in aerobic gymnastics are judged based on various factors such as difficulty, execution, artistic value, and synchronization with the music. Judges look for precision in movements, proper technique execution, clarity of performance, musicality, stage presence, synchronization with teammates (in group routines), and overall impression. The goal is to create a seamless performance that captivates the audience while demonstrating athleticism.

Artistic tumbling: when regular tumbling isn’t dramatic enough, we add a few flips and twists to make the audience question their life choices.

Artistic Tumbling

The athletes in Artistic Tumbling perform powerful flips and tumbling sequences on a springy mat. Floor routines often include impressive dynamic moves such as backflips, somersaults, handsprings, and full twists. The performers use their bodies as instruments to create captivating and visually appealing routines that engage the audience.

One unique aspect of Artistic Tumbling is the emphasis on creativity and personal expression. Gymnasts have the freedom to showcase their individual style through unique combinations of skills and original choreography. They can experiment with different movement patterns and unleash their artistic flair during competitions.

Artistic Tumbling demands exceptional body control and spatial awareness. Gymnasts must execute high-level skills while maintaining balance and stability throughout their routine. This discipline requires extensive training in flexibility, strength conditioning, and precise technique to ensure the execution of movements with utmost accuracy.

In addition to its artistic appeal, Artistic Tumbling also serves as an excellent foundation for other gymnastics disciplines. The techniques learned in this discipline contribute to the development of fundamental skills such as body positioning, alignment, and air awareness. These skills are transferrable to other gymnastic apparatuses like the vault or uneven bars.

To excel in Artistic Tumbling, athletes need not only physical prowess but also mental discipline. They must possess unwavering focus, determination, and dedication to craft seamless performances that captivate both judges and spectators alike.

Parkour: The art of pretending you’re in an action movie while your friends silently judge your lack of coordination.


  • Precision Jumps: In Parkour, precision jumps require utmost control and accuracy. Practitioners leap from one point to another with pinpoint precision.
  • Wall Runs: This is where gravity-defying athletes use walls as their vertical playground. They sprint towards a wall and then push off with their feet to reach new heights.
  • Vaults: Parkour practitioners utilize vaults to smoothly overcome barriers such as railings or low walls. These movements involve agile techniques like the speed vault or lazy vault.
  • Tic-Tacs: To gain momentum for higher jumps or moves over larger objects, tic-tacs are employed. By using one foot on a wall or object, practitioners generate energy to launch themselves forward.
  • Bar Swings: Adopting the agility of monkeys, Parkour enthusiasts skillfully swing from bar to bar, showcasing grace, strength, and coordination in their movements.
  • Rail Balancing: Practitioners demonstrate their balance by walking along narrow rails or beams without falling off. This requires immense concentration and core stability.

Parkour also involves innovative combinations of these movements to navigate urban environments fluidly and adaptively. With its emphasis on physical prowess and ingenuity, this exhilarating discipline empowers individuals to overcome obstacles creatively.

So why not explore the intrigue of Parkour? Step out of your comfort zone and unlock the potential within yourself as you journey through this awe-inspiring discipline.

Sports Aerobics: Where jumping, dancing, and pretending to be coordinated converge in a desperate attempt to fool everyone into thinking you’re actually fit.

Sports Aerobics

In Sports Aerobics, participants showcase their artistic flair through captivating choreography that highlights their agility and expressiveness. The routines are structured to enhance cardiovascular endurance while showcasing the athletes’ strength and flexibility. With each movement synchronized to music, these athletes mesmerize audiences with their grace and athleticism.

What sets Sports Aerobics apart is its emphasis on creativity and originality within the routines. Athletes have the freedom to design their choreography using a range of movements derived from dance styles like jazz, contemporary, hip-hop, etc. This allows them to express their unique style while maintaining technical precision.

Winning in Sports Aerobics requires an impeccable execution of routine elements such as leaps, jumps, spins, balances, and dynamic movements. Judges evaluate the athletes based on criteria including difficulty levels of the routine’s elements executed seamlessly with transitions between each move. Attention to detail is crucial in order to score well in this discipline.

To excel in Sports Aerobics, athletes follow rigorous training regimes encompassing cardio exercises (such as running or cycling), strength training (including resistance exercises), flexibility workouts (like yoga or pilates), and dance sessions for enhancing body control and fluidity of movements.

Sports Aerobics provides a platform for individuals to showcase their athleticism through captivating choreography combined with physical fitness prowess. As an exhilarating blend of dance and athleticism set to music beats; it pushes boundaries while inspiring awe in spectators who witness these breathtaking performances. Whether you are a beginner or aspire to become a professional athlete in this discipline – remember that dedication, passion, and consistent practice are key ingredients for success. So, unleash your creativity and let your body fly in the world of Sports Aerobics!

TeamGym: Where you can finally live out your dreams of flying through the air gracefully… before reality hits and you crash land on a stack of mats.


TeamGym competitions are divided into three events: floor, tumbling, and trampoline. In the floor event, teams perform choreographed routines incorporating acrobatic skills such as flips, twists, and jumps. The tumbling event focuses on explosive power as athletes execute a series of high-speed somersaults down a runway.

In addition to these two events, TeamGym also includes the trampoline event where gymnasts showcase their aerial skills. They perform impressive maneuvers like somersaults and twists while maintaining control in mid-air. This event adds an element of excitement and awe-inspiring display to the overall competition.

One unique aspect of TeamGym is the emphasis on teamwork. Gymnasts work collaboratively to create stunning group formations and synchronize their movements seamlessly. Cooperation and trust among teammates play a vital role in achieving flawless routines that captivate audiences.

With its combination of artistic expression, athleticism, and team dynamics, TeamGym offers a dynamic and captivating experience for both participants and spectators alike. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned gymnast looking for new challenges, TeamGym provides an exhilarating platform to showcase your skills while fostering camaraderie within your team.

Gymnastics may not be for everyone, but after reading this article, you’ll definitely flip for it!


Gymnastics is an intricate sport that demands perseverance, skill, and determination. Here, we have explored 11 different disciplines of gymnastics, each with its unique challenges and requirements. From artistic gymnastics to rhythmic gymnastics and trampoline, we have delved into the intricacies of each discipline, shedding light on their techniques and intricacies.

As beginners venture into the world of gymnastics, they are often overwhelmed by the vast array of options available to them. Each discipline offers a distinct set of skills and movements that require dedicated training and practice. Artistic gymnastics, for example, showcases a combination of strength, flexibility, and precision as athletes tackle events like floor exercises, balance beams, parallel bars, and vaults.

Rhythmic gymnastics adds a touch of grace and fluidity as athletes perform choreographed routines accompanied by music. Their mastery of apparatus like ribbon, hoop, ball, clubs, or rope showcases the seamless interaction between athleticism and artistry.

While artistic and rhythmic gymnastics are more well-known disciplines, other forms such as aerobics gymnastics also provide an exciting avenue for athletes to showcase their strength and coordination through dynamic routines accompanied by high-energy music.

Acrobatic gymnastics takes teamwork to new heights with gravity-defying lifts and balancing acts performed by pairs or groups. The synchronization required in this discipline highlights the harmony between individuals working together towards a shared goal.

Trampoline gymnastics embraces the power of springs as athletes perform flips and twists mid-air using their body control to execute precise landings on the trampoline bed.

Power tumbling focuses on explosive energy and momentum as athletes tumble across elevated sprung runways executing multiple somersaults and twists along the way. It requires immense strength combined with streamlined technique to ensure flawless execution.

The challenging nature of these disciplines highlights the importance of proper coaching. Coaches play a vital role in guiding beginners through systematic progressions, emphasizing technique, and ensuring safety at all times.

As beginners embark on their gymnastics journey, it is essential to foster a strong foundation of physical fitness, flexibility, and discipline. Building a solid base will set the stage for progress and success as they navigate through the different disciplines.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the different gymnastics disciplines?

The 11 gymnastics disciplines include artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, trampoline gymnastics, aerobic gymnastics, acrobatic gymnastics, parkour, tumbling, power tumbling, sport aerobics, group rhythmic gymnastics, and mallakhamba.

2. What is artistic gymnastics?

Artistic gymnastics is the most well-known discipline, involving various apparatus such as the vault, uneven bars, balance beam, and floor exercise. It focuses on strength, flexibility, and graceful movements.

3. What is rhythmic gymnastics?

Rhythmic gymnastics combines elements of ballet, dance, and gymnastics. It involves using various apparatus such as a ribbon, hoop, ball, clubs, or rope. Routines are performed to music, showcasing flexibility, coordination, and expressive movements.

4. What is trampoline gymnastics?

Trampoline gymnastics involves performing acrobatic movements on a trampoline. It requires excellent body control and aerial awareness. Competitions include individual and synchronized events.

5. What is acrobatic gymnastics?

Acrobatic gymnastics involves pairs or groups performing dynamic and synchronized routines that include lifts, tosses, and acrobatic elements. It showcases strength, balance, and teamwork.

6. What is tumbling?

Tumbling is a discipline that focuses on floor-based acrobatic skills. It includes flips, somersaults, and twisting movements. Tumbling routines are performed on a spring runway.