Despite more than 2,000 years of history, gymnastics has seen significant development. We’ll walk you through the development of gymnastics in this essay. Gymnastics began significantly differently from how it appears today.
Brief History of Gymnastics’ Origins
Ancient cultures practiced strength and acrobatic workouts before they invented gymnastics. The Greek words “gymnos” and “gymnast,” which roughly translate to “train, exercise,” are where the name gymnastics originates.
Gymnastics is regarded as having its great-grandfather in the German educator and teacher Johann Christoph Friedrich Gutsmuths. He released a book in 1793 called “Gymnastics for Youth: or a Practical Guide to Healthful and Amusing Exercises for the use of Schools,” which was eventually translated into English.
The inventor of gymnastics, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, is a fellow German. In the early 1800s, he served in the Prussian army. He developed the concept of boosting morale through the practice of gymnastics after a battle in which the Prussian army was routed. In 1811, he inaugurated the first Turnplatz or outdoor gym. This gym had rings, parallel bars, and high bar exercises.
Early training was primarily concerned with physical fitness and health.
International organizations for gymnastics
When the European Gymnastics Federation’s Bureau, which would eventually become the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG), was established in 1881, gymnastics was regarded as an “organized sport.” The current international governing organization for gymnastics is FIG. In 1896, the sport of gymnastics was added to the inaugural “modern” Olympic Games as it was growing in popularity. The gymnastics competitions were different back then than they are now. In reality, they contained some of the current Track & Field events. Men’s horizontal bar, parallel bars, pommel horse, rings, vault, high jumping, rope climbing, and sprinting were some of the events that competed. Gymnastics did not stop its track and field competitions until 1954. Until the 1920s, women were not permitted to participate in Olympic gymnastics competitions.
IN THE US, GYMNASTICS IS ORGANIZED
In the United States, gymnastics was first formally governed by the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) in 1883. The United States Gymnastics Federation, today known as USA Gymnastics, was established in 1970 as a separate organization dedicated solely to gymnastics. The main governing body of gymnastics today is USA Gymnastics, which has its regulations. However, specific gyms and gymnasts compete under a different set of AAU regulations.
GYMNASTICS AS IT IS KNOWN
The gymnastics competitions for both men and women in the 1956 Olympic Games resembled what is now known as artistic gymnastics. The four events—Vault, Uneven Bars, Balance Beam, and Floor Exercise—were all open to female competitors. The current events, including Floor Exercise, Parallel Bars, Horizontal Bar, Pommel Horse, Rings, and Vault, were also open to men.
Early achievements in gymnastics made by the Soviet Union
It should be no surprise that the Germans established an early lead as gymnastics began in Germany. At the 1936 Olympic Games, they took home the gold as a team. However, the Soviet Union swiftly seized control of crafting the history of modern gymnastics following that.
The Soviet Union created a standard early on. They showed excellent discipline and skill as they executed exceedingly challenging gymnastics routines. And as a result, from 1952 through 1992, they dominated the Olympic team competition. At every Olympics they competed in during that time, they took home the team gold medal (The Soviet Union boycotted the Olympics in 1984). Other East European nations, Romania, Czechoslovakia, and Eastern Germany, were all consistently on the leader board during this time.
THE IMPACT OF BELA AND MARTA KAROLYI ON US GYMNASTICS
Talking about the development of gymnastics in the US would be impossible without bringing up Bela and Márta Károlyi. Along with his wife, Márta, Bela Károlyi migrated to the US from Romania in 1981 and significantly impacted American gymnastics. Bela Károlyi was asked to invest in a gymnastics center in Houston, Texas, after emigrating to the US. When the gym encountered financial difficulties, the Károlyis acquired it. He drew excellent gymnasts to his gym because of his reputation as “Nadia Comaneci’s instructor.” In 1984, he returned to the Olympics as Mary Lou Retton’s coach; she took home the gold in the individual all-around competition. He was appointed the US Women’s Gymnastics Team’s head coach in 1988.
He established himself as the US Olympic gymnasts’ go-to coach for training. Four of the six gymnasts on the US Women’s team competing at the 1991 World Championships were trained by Károlyi, and trainers from his former gym club coached the other two. When he served as head coach, five of the seven gymnasts on Károlyi’s team for the 1992 Summer Olympics demonstrated his dominance.
Olympic Games in 1996 and the Magnificent Seven
The Magnificent Seven was the moniker of the US Olympic team from 1996. Shannon Miller, Dominique Moceanu, Kerri Strug, Amy Chow, Amanda Borden, and Jaycie Phelps made up the team’s seven members.
The Russians had previously dominated the Olympic team competition, and the US had never claimed victory. The US faced Russia, Romania, and Ukraine teams in the 1996 team tournament. The US team led the Russian squad by.897 points in the last rotation. As long as they didn’t forfeit their final event, vault, the US may win their first-ever team gold medal. The first four vaulters did good jobs, but Dominique Moceanu, the fifth, fell twice. Kerri Strug finished last in the vault. She attempted her first vault, landed it, but injured her ankle in the process. To mathematically secure the gold, Strug needed to capture a second vault. She completed the second vault on her injured ankle, landed it, gave the judges a bow, and then almost immediately fell to her knees.
THE AGE CONTROVERSY AND THE 2000 OLYMPICS
The Russians and Romanians extended their dominance in the gymnastics competition at the 2000 Olympics, taking home gold and silver in the team all-around, respectively. The Chinese squad at the time finished third in the competition. However, they lost their bronze medal in 2000, and the US was given it instead.
GOLD WINNER CARLY PATTERSON SET A TREND FOR THE US
By capturing the gold medal in the all-around competition at the 2004 Olympics, Carly Patterson set off a fantastic trend for the US. With Nastia Liukin in 2008 and Gabby Douglas in 2012, the US has maintained its dominance in the women’s all-around competition since the 2004 Olympic Games.
Carly Patterson was the first American woman to win the Olympic all-around title in a non-boycotted Olympic Games, making her achievement even more noteworthy. She was the second American woman to win the overall gold. At the 1984 Olympics, Mary Lou Retton became the first American woman to achieve so, although the Soviet Union chose to abstain from those events. In this way, Retton avoided the fierce competition from the Soviet gymnasts.
THE FIERCE FIVE AND THE 2012 OLYMPICS
In the team competition in 2012, the women’s gymnastics team brought home the country’s second gold medal. Gabby Douglas, McKayla Maroney, Aly Raisman, Kyla Ross, and Jordyn Wieber made up the gymnastics team, sometimes known as the “Fab Five” or the “Fierce Five.” The women’s all-around gold medal was likewise won by Gabby Douglas, maintaining the pattern Carly Patterson started in 2004.
The 2016 Olympic Games and the Top 5
At the 2016 Olympic Games, the US Women’s Team won gold in every competition. Simone Biles and Aly Raisman both had outstanding performances and placed first and second overall, respectively, were the team’s captains. Due to Martha Károlyi’s upcoming retirement, the group dubbed itself the Final Five.